Markings are a very obvious way that

whitetail communicate. Although bucks

do most of the marking, does visit

these locations often. One form of

marking is known as rubbing. To make a

rub, a buck will use its antlers to strip

the off of small diameter trees, helping

to mark his territory and polish his antlers.

Also to help mark territory, bucks will make scrapes.

Often occurring in patterns known as scrape lines

scrapes are areas where a buck has used its front

hooves to expose bare earth. Bucks usually then rub-

urinate into these scrapes and scrapes are often

found under twigs that have been marked with scent

from orbital glands.